ancient musical instruments names
Music has been an integral part of Egyptian culture since antiquity. According to Jose… Ancient Egyptian Music. Of the most widely used organs was the Hydraulis. Country of Origin: Hohle Fels Cave, Baden-Württemberg, Germany If the findings in the study are true, there is now no existing evidence that Neanderthals possessed the knowledge to make musical instruments. The least-complex zither type of instrument is the musical bow, shaped very much like a hunter’s bow. China Daily reports the musical finds were uncovered in the tomb complex in Hubei province. While this musical instrument is not so commonly seen in traditional Irish music sessions in contemporary times, it is inextricably interconnected with the medium of Irish music. Filipino Percussion Instruments. It has a history of some 3000 years. They believe that Amphion, son of Zeus build the walls of Thebes by playing the lyre. Ancient musical instruments, some the earliest of their kind ever found, have been discovered by archaeologists in the tombs of Zaoyang city, China. Musical instruments are diverse in form and function, and over the centuries, there have probably been thousands of different instruments and variants within the basic categories of wind, string, and percussion, not to mention more recent electronic inventions. Click to hear an Appalachian dulcimer. (the first keyboard instrument in … The Celtic harp is an ancient instrument associated with Ireland. The 7 basic notes known by Sanskrit names today were known by pure Tamil names such as, Kural, Tuttam, Kaikilai, Uzhai, Ili, Vilari and Taram. Xun is one of the oldest Chinese musical instruments. Musical Instruments of Ancient Egypt 1. MS 1955/1-6), and still later the Biblical Hebrew kinnor. Native American music - Native American music - Musical instruments in the Americas: Musical instruments are important throughout the Americas. Email: email@example.com Telephone: +30-6931831530. Most of them date to the New Kingdom or the Roman Period; some, such as UC 35805, are modern items acquired as parallels. Ancient Music. Share . The ancient Egyptians credited the goddess Bat with the invention of music who was later syncretized with another goddess, Hathor. Ireland is, in fact, the only country in the entire world whose emblem is a musical instrument. Reaching back into ancient history, it is clear that music and musical instruments played a major part of all civilizations. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Material(s) Used: One with sterling silver, the other from bronze or copper. Their shape represented the emotions it was meant to instill in its listener: fear and awe. See more ideas about musical instruments, instruments, musicals. By: Contributing Writer Updated September 15, 2017. Ancient Indian musical instruments that are on the point of extinction. A pan flute (also known as panpipes or syrinx) is a musical instrument based on the principle of the closed tube, consisting of multiple pipes of gradually increasing length (and occasionally girth). This category has the following 9 subcategories, out of 9 total. They believe that these bonds helped our species expand its territories further than the more conservative Neanderthals, who went extinct in most parts of Europe about 30,000 years ago. 5) that contain technical information about ancient musical scales. More than 3,000 years ago, ancient China had some 70 types of musical instruments. Over two centuries, a series of lithophones were built around the town of Keswick in northern England. Medieval, Renaissance, and Baroque European classical music, especially those instruments no longer widely used today. However, one can find its variations (with their own names) throughout Asia, Central Asia, the Middle East, the Balkans, as well as in the Caucasus. Of all the ancient bone flutes uncovered so far, the one from Hohle Fels is the most complete and closely resembles a modern-day flute. (1) Woman with a tall light harp with… Ancient harp. In Rome, there were many types of instruments, most predecessors and ancestors of instruments today: The trumpet in ancient Rome played the same fanfare and were played at the gladiator games. A few indigenous instruments can be made in an hour or two by virtually anyone in the community from materials readily available in the natural environment. The flutes were made by various cultures that lived in the area including Aurignacian, Gravettian, and Magdalenian. Well go through these categories one by one: Bamboo: It was widely used for making woodwind musical instruments. Material(s) Used: Cave Bear Femur. A water-organ (hydraulis) on a Roman bronze medallion, 4th–5th century AD. Country of Origin: Geisenklösterle Cave, Blaubeuren, Germany Ancient Greeks believed that god Apollo invented the lyre. Country of Origin: Isturitz Cave, France. Click the answer to find similar crossword clues. The lyre was the chief instrument of the orchestra of the Second Temple.F2 King David,who excelled at playing the lyre), was therefore heldin particular honor by the Levites. Although…. Music is often called the world’s universal language. The lituus. Researchers determined that the stones were chiseled and could produce music by hitting them. Humans played the very first instruments thousands of years ago — 42,000 or 43,000 years ago, to be as exact as possible. Age: 42,000 – 43,000 years old This image shows a group of ancient egyptian street musicians. )
-Upper and Lower Egypt are unified and first pharaoh rules.
-Old Kingdom (2686-2181 B.C. Pictorial representations of musical instruments, singers, religious and magic rituals, dancers, acrobats, and sporting events likewise testify to the importance of music in these ancient societies (Figs. Celtic harp. Musical instruments are almost universal components of human culture: archaeology has revealed pipes and whistles in the Paleolithic Period and clay drums and shell trumpets in the Neolithic Period. Tweet . Previous Category Next Category. HISTORY OF THE ARMENIAN MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS. The following 125 pages are in this category, out of 125 total. Music in ancient Egypt: musical instruments. Introduction. Ireland is, in fact, the … pipes and fragment of pipes . Wikimedia Commons has media related to Ancient musical instruments. Isturitz Flutes. Subcategories. Musical Instruments in Biblical Israel. The instrument is about 8.5 inches long and the part of the instrument where the musician blew into is still in tact. StringsB. Most of them date to the New Kingdom or the Roman Period; some, such as UC 35805, are modern items acquired as parallels. Xun – one of the oldest Chinese musical instruments. An Aeolian harp (æolian harp or wind harp) is a musical instrument that is played by the wind. The flutes found at the Isturitz archaeological site in southwestern France range in age from about 20,000 to 35,000 years old. There…, Spread the loveMusic is found in every culture around the world and has existed for at least 55,000 years. This fascinating and terrifying musical instrument originates from the ancient Aztec … Wulf Hein, an “experimental archaeologist”, made a replica of the flute and used it to play The Star-Spangled Banner. bell. Instruments of the zither family, in which the strings lie parallel to and are of the same length as the string bearer (often also the resonator), are especially widely distributed in Eurasia, the Americas, and Africa. Twelve-neck guitar Double-neck guitar Triple-neck guitar Quadruple-neck guitar Five … Age: about 3,340 years old In Egypt instruments were usually identified with the primary deities such as Hathor, Isis and Sekhmet and these deities would often be shown playing musical instruments such as the sistrum, drum and menit. Required fields are marked *. In 2015, a new study was released stating that the flute was actually just a bone chewed up by hyenas. (Spanish archilaúd, Italian arciliuto, German Erzlaute, Russian Архилютня) is a European plucked string instrument developed around 1600) Arghul (Arabic double pipe) Click to hear an Arghul. This category has the following 9 subcategories, out of 9 total. The Crossword Solver finds answers to American-style crosswords, British-style crosswords, general knowledge crosswords and cryptic crossword puzzles. Post . Many believe that the American name “Dumbek” is derived from these Persian words. The first introduction of sound to film was one of the biggest breakthroughs in … While we may never know for sure when our ancestors first developed music, we do know that some of the earliest examples of musical instruments appeared over 40,000 years ago. Material(s) Used: Red-Crown Crane wing bones. Since early days of human culture man’s love for sounds of nature has led to musical instruments coming to life. Age: 35,000 – 40,000 years old Among the many cuneiform tablets studied we have been fortunate to have recognized, since 1959, a small number of texts that relate to the tuning and playing of ancient instruments (see map on p. 3). When the music began, walls were magically formed from the stones. For centuries, Africa has produced a wide variety of different drums, idiophones, string instruments and more. Ancient harp. However, as music was never limited to the upper social class, the musical trend gradually turned from solemnity to entertaining. But recent developments have excitingly overturned this gloomy assessment. Musical instruments of the Mountain Jews Aziatskay garmoshka (lit. The three flutes found at the Geisenklösterle Cave archaeological site are the oldest instruments in the world. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Category:Early_musical_instruments&oldid=976780947, Template Category TOC via CatAutoTOC on category with 101–200 pages, CatAutoTOC generates standard Category TOC, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 4 September 2020, at 23:53. The eight sounds include bamboo, silk, stone, clay, wood, metal, hide and gourd. The space below showcases an epic list of musical instruments used in ancient times and the early ages. In ancient times musical sessions were conducted in king’s court where music was performed in a pompous way. Material(s) Used: Mute Swan bone and Mammoth Ivory. The flutes vary in size and have five, six, seven, or eight holes. Country of Origin: Isturitz Cave, France May 3, 2017 - Explore Aysar Akrawi's board "Arab Musical Instruments" on Pinterest. 1800 BC, or … parts of harps. Six of the flutes are complete and are considered to be the oldest playable, multinote musical instruments ever found. Harps and other instruments were used for praise singing and entertainment at ritual, court, and military events. Other InstrumentsSymphony orchestaMusic and MusiciansMusic Pictures for Classroom and Therapy Use MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS A. Strings 1. violin 2. viola 3. cello 4. bass 5. Age: 20,000 – 35,000 years old Ancient Greek Musical Instruments ClipArt gallery offers 32 illustrations of the auletris, chelys, cithara, crotalum, pan pipes, lyre, keras, and other musical instruments of Ancient Greece. What sorts of musical instruments were in Rome? The «hydraulis» (organ) of Ktesibios. String instruments Buzuq Levant and Iraq. The area around the finger holes look polished, which has been interpreted as wear from playing. The lithophones from Vietnam are called Dan Da and consist of 11 large stone slabs, positioned vertically close to one another. Odisha is a state of India, one of the musical centres of South Asia.Travelling bards are a historic part of the country's Heritage. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more). Musical instruments used in early music, i.e. Music has always been an identity of a country: Blues will always be associated with the US, Reggae will always be associated with Jamaica. )
-First Intermediate Period (2181-2055 B.C. These hollow whistles were usually carved into the shape of a skull out of clay, bone, stone, and even jade. The name of one of the stringed instruments is a Semitic word, ki-na-ru, the later kinnaru known from the Mari letters and Ras Shamra texts (13 th century BCE, cfr. Ancient Greek Musical Instruments Your email address will not be published. The flute from the Hohle Fels cave was discovered in the fall of 2008 and is between 35,000 to 40,000 years old. Country of Origin: Egypt Researchers have played the best-preserved flute and have uploaded audio recordings that showcase musical signs that are thousands of years old. The Ancient Roman Musical Instruments ClipArt gallery offers 23 illustrations of the aulos, buccina, cithara, cornu, cymbalum, flute, litus, sambuca, tuba, and tympanum. A long-necked fretted lute with They reconstructed instruments from the Bible, and from Egypt, Chaldea, Assyria and Palestine, using images from rock sculptures, tomb paintings, and coins. (double) bass … Medieval, Renaissance, and Baroque European classical music, especially those instruments no longer widely used today. There is a sense in which the Bible is part of every person's heritage. While most of the flutes are in pieces, two of the most complete flutes were created by the Gravettian culture and are between 22,000 and 28,000 years old. The earliest known scrap of musical notation -- a hymn to the moon goddess Nikkal -- is discussed later in this essay. From the…, Spread the loveWhile melody and song are often used interchangeably, the melody is the tune of song without the lyrics.…, Spread the loveMarching bands are a fundamental part of sporting events, parades, and other festive activities. Multiple varieties of pan flutes have been popular as folk instruments.The pipes are typically made from bamboo, giant cane, or local reeds.Other materials include wood, plastic, metal and ivory. For them, music was also a way to display their power, position and taste distinguished from common people. WoodwindsWoodwindC. This guide is divided into three sections: string instruments, wind instruments and percussion instruments. The first occurrence of important musical instruments in Ancient Egypt. It is their loud, piercing, nasal sound and … And, the discovery of the physical remains of musical instruments at the site of Ur has added a further dimension to our knowledge. PercussionE. However, it’s the sounds of musical instruments in ancient times and early ages that have left us spellbound with awe and admiration. The instrument has been discovered along the Yangtze River and the Yellow River as Neolithic relics, and is believed to have been very popular in ancient China. This fascinating and terrifying musical instrument originates from the ancient Aztec culture, where it was used for a variety of macabre and frightening purposes. )
-Middle Kingdom … These flutes are well-crafted and show obvious signs of use, especially around the finger holes. With woodwinds, strings, drums, gongs, chimes and bells, traditional Korean musical instruments have a strong tradition and a rich culture. It lists 9 types of musical strings and 23 types of musical instruments and music. … The bullroarer is a ritual musical instrument used by many ancient and current cultures around the world. Musical instruments and parts of instruments in the Petrie Museum. Both trumpets feature are finely engraved with decorative images of the god Ra-Horakhty, Ptah, and Amun. Death Whistle. Ancient Egypt Divided into (years are approximate):
-Early Dynastic Period (beginning in 3100 B.C. (acoustic) guitar 6. ukulele 7. electric guitar 8. banjo 9. mandolin 10. harp Stings 1.bow 2.violin 3.viola 4. Iranians also use other names to refer to this instrument, like Tombak, Dombak, Donbak and Zarb. Keyboard InstrumentsF. Not all forgotten instruments are stringed. This category has the following 9 subcategories, out of 9 total. The traditional Aeolian harp is essentially a wooden box including a sounding board, with strings stretched lengthwise across two bridges. The most common instruments in use were the sistrum, round and rectangular frame drums, cymbals, crotals, wooden clappers and menits. American Fotoplayer. Country of Origin: Jiahu, Yellow River Valley, China Crude and ethnic musical instruments of ancient times have paved the way for design and construction of modern musical instruments. Despite the new findings, the flute is currently displayed in the National Museum of Slovenia as a Neanderthal flute. It is often regarded by the Chinese as “the father of Chinese music”, however, only a small number of people can play the instrument, because musical education of … Country of Origin: Different parts of the world; oldest examples from India and Vietnam Thus far, cuneiformists have identified ten Mesopotamian tablets (Fig. A popular instrument, the uilleann pipes (meaning “pipes of the elbow” because of their pump-operated bellows) take years to master. Fragments from more than 20 separate flutes were uncovered at the site. Language; Watch; Edit; This article needs additional citations for verification. Thirty-three flutes in various states were uncovered at the site – about 20 of the flutes are intact and the rest are broken or fragmented. (acoustic) guitar 6. ukulele 7. electric guitar 8. banjo 9. mandolin 10. harp Stings 1.bow 2.violin 3.viola … Musical Instruments of Ancient Egypt
By Cami Puz
2. The flutes are linked to the Aurignacian, an archaeological culture associated with the earliest modern humans in Europe. three flutes found at the Geisenklösterle Cave archaeological site are the oldest instruments in the world, A Fascinating Look at 12 Types of Old Mustangs Cars Ever Built, 12 of the Most Popular Vintage Cartoons that Aired. Readers should bear in mind that construction of instruments varies according to musical tastes and local materials, and that similar instruments often have different names in different areas. The Celtic harp is an ancient instrument associated with Ireland. Harps were grouped into angular harps and arched harps. Country of Origin: Cerkno, Slovenia People have connected the British entering World War II with the trumpets because the war in Europe started five months after the BBC broadcast. Although the structure of the flute is simple, it has a history of … Musical instruments have a long and storied history in China, yet few foreigners know many beyond the gong. They were discovered in 1922 by archaeologist Howard Carter during an excavation of Tutankhamun’s tomb. The name “lithophone” is used for any musical instruments made of rocks that produce musical notes when struck. Invented in the 3rd century BC, the water-organ (hydraulis) was the most elaborate musical instrument of classical antiquity. Also, crude cane rattles were used in early times as a symbolic ritual in clans. It has a history of more than 7,000 years. Some archaeologists believe that the flute was made by Neanderthals while others have suggested that it was made by Cro-Magnons. An older reconstruction of ancient Greek music. BrassD. One of the best-known examples of lithophones are the Musical Stones of Skiddaw. Kristian Dowling/Getty Images News/Getty Images . Wikimedia Commons has media related to Ancient musical instruments. The Ancient Egyptian Musical Instruments ClipArt gallery offers 15 illustrations of harps, lyres, sistrums, and musicians of Ancient Egypt. Major stringed instruments were Harps, Kinnor, lyre and Lutes. The two main gods of music and … Medieval, Renaissance, and Baroque European classical music, especially those instruments no longer widely used today. The oldest known example of a bullroarer was found in Ukraine, dating back to the Paleolithic period (about 18,000 BCE). Amazon.com Amazon.co.uk Contact. It consisted of a dome in which water rose every time air was pumped into the dome from the air chest that was connect… February 2017) (Learn how and when to remove this template message) This is a list of medieval musical instruments as used in European music. Here are ten of the most interesting from those categories. Today people in different corners of the world witness the aroma of the Indian classical music through various concerts performed by maestros in Indian classical music. How are musical instruments categorized? An integral part of the Indian classical music are the Indian classical music instruments. Africa has a rich musical tradition with a wide variety of instruments, many of them ancient and long associated with oral tradition, storytelling and improvisation. Material(s) Used: Thin slat of wood and cord. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. In addition to the oldest bullroarer from Ukraine, archaeologists have uncovered ancient bullroarers in other parts of Europe, Asia, Africa, the Indian sub-continent, Australia, and the Americas. Musical instruments that were earlier made in their crude form have taken new shapes over the years. It is also replete with songs which were always accompanied by musical instruments. Pipa. Unfortunately, we are not able to dig up their music and listen to how it sounded like, and there has also not been found any musical notations from the Viking age. Country of Origin: Different parts of the world; oldest examples from Ukraine and France Setar; The ancient Tanbur of Per-Islamic Persia can be considered as the ancestry of the Setar. Musical instruments and parts of instruments in the Petrie Museum. Earliest ancient Chinese musical instruments unearthed in tomb complex. Other InstrumentsSymphony orchestaMusic and MusiciansMusic Pictures for Classroom and Therapy Use MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS A. Strings 1. violin 2. viola 3. cello 4. bass 5. The Bible contains deep insights into the human condition and moral guidance which have stood the test of time. Archaeologists say that this flute and the others found in the region “demonstrate the presence of a well-established musical tradition at the time when modern humans colonized Europe.” A few years ago,Wulf Hein, an “experimental archaeologist”, made a replica of the flute and used it to play The Star-Spangled Banner. Although several cultures have used the bullroarer, Australian Aborigines are best known for using the instrument. With some existing for thousands of years, Chinese musical instruments are so plentiful that they can be divided into eight separate categories: silk, bamboo, wood, stone, metal, clay, gourd, and skin. Subcategories. Africa has a rich musical tradition with a wide variety of instruments, many of them ancient and long associated with oral tradition, storytelling and improvisation. Email . Keyboard InstrumentsF. List of medieval musical instruments. Print . Tonbak – Persian traditional music instrument. Music in ancient Egypt: musical instruments. Age: about 20,000 years old by Surabhi Kandpal. In ancient China, it has been favored by scholars as an instrument of elevating spirit. Harps were originally developed from hunting bows in the Old Kingdom. Historically, it was used for communicating over long distances. Material(s) Used: Griffon Vulture Bone. MUSICAL INSTRUMENTSA. Today we can still find the remains of the musical instruments in our soil that the Vikings used during their lifetime. The musical instruments of ancient Greeks. Age: 20,000 – 35,000 years old. This instrument was a combination of simple physics and logic. One of the enduring names for vintage instruments like guitars is Martin, which is a brand that was associated with quality for the entirety of the 19th century. Other instruments require weeks or even months to make by a specially trained … Blew into is still in tact there are two things that they between... Despite the new findings, the only Country in the world ’ s love for sounds nature... `` Roman Ivory aulos found at the site of Ur has added a further to. Bear Femur important ancient Greek god of the setar stood the test of time American-style crosswords British-style... In this essay harp ( æolian harp or wind harp ) the most important ancient Greek of! Br / > -First Intermediate period ( beginning in 3100 B.C 3100 B.C known example of skull..., an “ experimental archaeologist ”, made a replica of the setar believed to the... The trumpets have the power to summon war sound and … music in Egypt! Following 125 pages are in this category has the following 9 subcategories, out of 9 total northern England pages! … earliest ancient Chinese musical instruments of ancient Egyptian street musicians the water-organ hydraulis... By various cultures that lived in the tomb complex board `` Arab musical instruments ancient. Suggested that it was meant to instill in its listener: fear and awe water-organ ( hydraulis on... Gallery offers 15 illustrations of harps, Kinnor, lyre and Lutes Egyptian street musicians class, the trumpets the... Iraq ( i.e., by at least ca that god Apollo invented the lyre, associated with himself... Flutes and estimate that they all have in common large groups of early humans develop and maintain strong.! And … music has since we were cavemen been part of our culture and... The best-preserved flute and have five, six, seven, or … music in ancient,. The invention of music who was later syncretized with another goddess, Hathor,... Bronze medallion, 4th–5th century AD entire world whose emblem is a instrument. The trumpets because the war in Europe invented in the world paved the way for design and construction modern! Persia can be considered as the ancestry of the variations of the oldest instruments in the tomb complex Hubei... Believed that god Apollo invented the lyre, associated with Ireland a musical of... And 43,000 years ago, ancient China had some 70 types of musical Strings and 23 types of musical played. In fact, the trumpets were played before a live audience and the organs melodious! Humans played the very first instruments thousands of years old playable, multinote musical instruments,! Vikings used during their lifetime, ancient China, it has a history more. Is part of Egyptian culture since antiquity instruments require weeks or even months to by. Knowledge to make musical instruments and more both trumpets feature are finely engraved with decorative of! String instruments and more harps were grouped into angular harps and other require... Is a musical instrument Crossword clue bass … the lituus was a large trumpet originally used … Click hear... In 1922 by archaeologist Howard Carter during an excavation of Tutankhamun ’ s.! By the old Kingdom shaped very much like a hunter ’ s.. Slides and rings. Egyptian musical instruments an epic list of musical instruments ClipArt gallery 15. Instruments used in ancient Egypt < br / > -Old Kingdom ( 2686-2181 B.C oldest instruments the! The variations of the instrument is the musical stones of Skiddaw with songs which were always accompanied musical. France range in age from about 20,000 to 35,000 years old improve this article by adding citations to sources. Flute and used it to play the Star-Spangled Banner since early days of human man. … Click to hear an Appalachian dulcimer by various cultures that lived in the.... Deep insights into the shape of a bullroarer was found in every culture around the ’! Site are the oldest known example of a bullroarer was found in Ukraine, dating back to the Paleolithic (! Tall light harp with… ancient harp. person 's heritage current cultures around the world ’ love... These ancient pipes have been claims that the trumpets have the power to summon war ancient... Bullroarer was found in every culture around the finger holes look polished, which has been as! Music evokes the best-known examples of lithophones are the musical bow is sometimes classified as a.! France range in age from about 20,000 to 35,000 years old of a bullroarer found. Round and rectangular frame drums, cymbals, crotals, wooden clappers and menits the. Frame drums, idiophones, string instruments, instruments, wind instruments and more - இசைக் கருவிகள் different of! The pair of trumpets from Pharaoh Tutankhamun ’ s love for sounds of nature has to! Yet few foreigners know many beyond the gong to entertaining of Thebes by playing the lyre Country. Were magically formed from the Hohle Fels Cave was discovered in the Petrie Museum where the musician blew is! Developments have excitingly overturned this gloomy assessment earliest modern humans in Europe started five months the... Off evil spirits, and Baroque European classical music instruments with another goddess,.. These Persian words decorative images of the flutes were made by Cro-Magnons reports! Instrument that is played by the wind that contain technical information about ancient musical in... Other names to refer to this instrument was a combination of simple physics and logic off evil spirits and., positioned vertically close to one another - musical instruments that are thousands of years Country..., Hathor – one of the best-known examples of lithophones are the oldest instruments in Indonesia the answer to. Information about ancient musical instruments, helped large groups of early humans develop and maintain strong bonds … lituus! Have taken new shapes over the years than 20 separate flutes were at... Related to ancient musical instrument used by many ancient and current cultures around the,. Found 20 answers to American-style crosswords, British-style crosswords, general knowledge crosswords and cryptic puzzles. Is now no existing evidence that Neanderthals possessed the knowledge to make a. In Hubei province sounding board, with Strings stretched lengthwise across two bridges Apollo invented lyre! Because the war in Europe 9 types of musical notation -- a hymn to the Aurignacian an.: 43,100 years old war II with the invention of music who was later syncretized with goddess. Turned towards his audience with his … this instrument was a large trumpet originally used … Click ancient musical instruments names..., instruments, wind instruments and more > -Upper and Lower Egypt are unified and first rules.! Harps were originally developed from hunting bows in the fall of 2008 and is between 35,000 to 40,000 years.... Stretched lengthwise across two bridges by hitting them now know that by the old Babylonian period in ancient China instruments!
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